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What are symptoms of brain injuries and how are they diagnosed?

In our post from Sept. 23, 2014, we discussed some of the consequences associated with head injuries. This week, we'd like to go into further detail about the symptoms of brain injuries and how these injuries are diagnosed. As a significant number of South Carolina residents suffer head injuries every year, it is important to understand how to recognize symptoms and learn what is necessary to gain a proper diagnosis.

With some accidents, head injuries are immediately apparent, though the effects may take time to fully understand. In other accidents, symptoms of brain injuries may not be seen right away. Those who have a loved one who has suffered a head injury should be on the lookout for some of these or other symptoms and seek medical attention as soon as possible:

  • Spinal fluid leaking from ears or nose
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dizziness
  • Respiratory failure
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty speaking

Medical testing is generally required to learn the full extent of a brain injury. CT scans and MRIs are often used to get a look at any possible damage. Along with looking at brain scans, doctors can conduct a neuropsychological assessment. During this assessment, several tests are completed to evaluate a person's attention span, motor functions, concentration and memory -- among several other things.

The medical costs associated with brain injuries can be astronomical. Between testing, treatment, rehabilitation and recovery, brain injuries can devastate a family's finances. In an effort to recoup some of the financial losses, those who have suffered a head injury due to another person's negligence may be entitled to take legal action. Depending on the cause of the accident, a variety of legal claims may be filed in a South Carolina civil court against the person deemed responsible. If successful, pecuniary damages may be awarded in an amount considered fair for both the current and future financial losses these types of injuries can create.

Source:, "Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Diagnosis", Nov. 24, 2014

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